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Part 20: Flanged wheel 1 1/8''
|20||Flanged wheel 1 1/8''||1901||-||12||12||4||N°8|
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The very earliest of the Meccano wheels (and the first on the list), this part was originally a multi-purpose "Flanged and grooved wheel". The original Meccano patent made several references to train-related models, and it was natural to have a flanged wheel included. The extra groove was an unusual but clever addition to the part, making the wheels directly drivable and also usable as pulleys. Early versions of this part (the top three and the bottom left in the photo above) had the boss inside the flange. After the introduction of set screws and bosses in 1912 the boss had to be reversed to allow access to the set screw (bottom centre).
There were a huge number of variations in this part, but the most important change was when the grooved section was removed in 1919, leaving the part as the simple "Flanged wheel" (bottom right in the photograph above). In 1928 it was joined by part 20b, the small flanged wheel.
The usual changes in the bosses of these parts (from feather to tongue to single-tapped and finally double-tapped) is to be expected. The only other significant change in the part is from the original "flanged grooved wheel" which was a combination pulley and flanged wheel, to the later type "flanged wheel", in around 1919.
For other variations from one part to the next, see the table at the bottom of this page.
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Variations and oddities
There is one slightly contentious version of the flanged wheel, as pictured right. Known as the "Maltese Cross" style, for obvious reasons, this is most often thought of as a French part. However, there do seem to be rather too many of them in UK-sourced collections for this to be exclusively the case. The jury is still out, and will probably remain so until good proof of these existing in UK outfits is found.
Dealer spare parts boxes
The two boxes to the right date from the early and late 50's. Strangely, flanged wheels mostly seem to have been supplied in boxes of three, which seems about the least useful quantity to supply.
Individual part numbersPart numbers for the parts on this page are as follows: Unique part numbers
For identification, each variation has been given a suffix to the main Meccano part number. These suffixes consist of a two-character code for the colour, and if there are many variations, a further number and sometimes letter code to identify each variation. See the bottom of the 'Parts' page for further details.
You don't need to worry what the codes are, just click on any one for a photograph.
The button above turns on and off the display of DMS numbers (where they are known). The DMS (Development of the Meccano System, Hauton and Hindemarsh) published in 1972 and added to in 75 and 82, suggested part numbers for every variation of every Meccano part. These numbers aren't perfect, but they are recognised and also referenced in the EMP (Encyclopedia of Meccano Parts, Don Blakeborough).
|Description||from||20||Tapped||Grooved, o/a diam|
|Flanged and grooved wheel, solid brass, no recess||01||.mm1||Feather||Yes, 1 1/8''|
|As above, rough cast brass, recessed both faces (36g)||??||.mm||Feather||Yes, 1 7/16''|
|As above, with both feather and tongue slots||07||.mm2||F & tongue||Yes, 1 7/16''|
|As above, with central bar across face||??||.mm2a||F & tongue||Yes, 1 7/16''|
|With central bar across face, tongue key only||??||.mm2b||Tongue||Yes, 1 7/16''|
|As above, but cast alloy||??||.mm2c||Tongue||Yes, 1 7/16''|
|All machined, tongue only, four spokes (weight 22g)||08||.mm3||Tongue||Yes, 1 7/16''|
|All faces machined, four holes instead of spokes (26g)||??||.mm4||Tongue||Yes, 1 15/32''|
|Lead alloy, 'gold' finished, boss with four buttresses (45g)||??||.go||Tongue||Yes, ?|
|Formed from two pressings, 1911 patent boss||11||.mm5||Tongue||Yes, 1 13/32''|
|As above but eight holes, 'Meccano patent' boss||??||.mm5a||Tongue||Yes, 1 13/32''|
|As above but four holes, boss reversed from now on||11||.br1||Single||Yes, 1 13/32''|
|As above but eight holes||11||.br1a||Single||Yes, 1 13/32''|
|As above but with standard-type boss, 9/32'' flange||12||.br2||Single||Yes, 1 13/32''|
|As above but with 7/32'' flange||??||.br2a||Single||Yes, 1 13/32''|
|As above but outer rim smaller and rounded||??||.br2b||Single||Yes, 1 13/32''|
|As above but steel face, bronzed. Rims similar sizes||??||.st||Single||Yes, 1 13/32''|
|No pulley section, one-part pressing 1 3/8'' dia.||19||.br3||Single||No, 1 3/8''|
|As above, steel pressing nickel plated||??||.ni||Single||No, 1 3/8''|
|As .br3, sharp at flange/rim, flange under ¼''||??||.br3a||Single||No, 1 3/8''|
|As above, larger, curve at flange/rim, flange ¼''||??||.br3b||Single||No, 1 5/16''|
|As .br3 above, double-tapped||??||.br4||Double||No, 1 5/16''|
|1 3/8'' diameter, ¼'' flange, double-tapped||20s||.br5||Double||No, 1 3/8''|
|As above, squared-off rim and flange||20s||.br5a||Double||No, 1 3/8''|
|1 3/8'' diameter steel pressing, blue||34||.nb||Double||No, 1 3/8''|
|1 3/8'' diameter steel pressing, blue with blue boss||34||.nb1||Double||No, 1 3/8''|
|As above but red||37||.re||Double||No, 1 3/8''|
|As above but all brass (most common variety)||46||.br||Double||No, 1 3/8''|
|As above, but blackened steel ||51-52||.bs||Double||No, 1 3/8''|
|Mazac one-piece casting, painted black ||51-52||.bk||Double||No, 1 3/8''|
|As above but brass boss||??||.bk1||Double||No, 1 3/8''|
|As above but all-brass casting||??||.br6||Double||No, 1 3/8''|
|Cast alloy, zinc plated||??||.zn||Double||No, 1 3/8''|
|Cast alloy with brass boss, raised lettering inside||79?||.xx||Double||No, 1 3/8''|
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Jeremy Jordan (at 11:45am, Tue 25th Nov, 14)
I do have a 1911 Patent, made from 2 pressings, but the hub is on the grove side, therefore different from the listed 20.mm5 illustrated flanged wheel 1-1/8".
kbisset (at 11:12pm, Sun 19th Oct, 14)
It should be pointed out that "flange" in this discussion is the Meccano definition: the running surface, usually called the tread. The usual use of "flange" is the lip which keeps the wheel on the rail. The Meccano definition comes from part 137, called "wheel flange", which really should be called "wheel tread".
Don Noble (at 12:59pm, Mon 14th Mar, 11)
A curious thing about flanged wheels is that in order to work as railway wheels the tread should be conical not flat. In spite of making Hornby and Dublo trains for many years Meccano never seemed to get round to making a Meccano railway wheel.